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論壇地址:http://www.eqqk.net/bbs/thread-486453-1-1.html


Defense spending. How's the level of spending in your country? Is it higher/lower than expected? How is the state of your armed forces with regard to spending?

你們國家的國防開支水平如何?是高于還是低于你的預期?在這樣的開支下,你們國家的軍隊狀態如何?



Over the past five years, China has significantly upped its financial and personnel contributions to UN peacekeeping initiatives to rebrand the Chinese position in the international balance of power. From providing roughly 3 percent of total financial contributions in 2013, China currently contributes 10.25 percent of the UN peacekeeping budget. Beijing’s increased financial commitment can most explicitly be seen from President Xi Jinping’s pledge, at the 2015 Peacekeeping Leaders’ Summit in New York, to contribute $1 billion to peacekeeping over the next five years. In line with its financial support, China has also trained 8,000 People’s Liberation Army troops to serve as a permanent standby militia for UN peacekeeping operations. Because of these grand maneuvers, UN Secretary-General António Guterres stated that China stands to become an “honest broker” and “bridge-builder” in international conflict.

在過去的五年里,中國對聯合國維和行動的資金和人員貢獻有了大幅的增加,重塑了中國在國際力量平衡中的地位。中國為聯合國維和行動的財政貢獻,從2013年的大約3%,到目前的10.25%。中國對財政投入的增加,可以從2015紐約維和領導峰會上,中國承諾在未來五年為維和行動貢獻10億美元看出來。隨著資金的支持,中國還訓練了8000名解放軍,作為聯合國維和行動的常備民兵。正是由于這些大動作,聯合國秘書長安東尼奧•古特雷斯表示,在國際沖突中,中國將成為一個“誠實的協商者”和“橋梁搭建者”。

China’s ascendancy in UN peacekeeping engagement is contrasted by the United States’ recent cutbacks in both financial and personnel contributions. On March 21, the U.S. Congress decided to reduce its foreign aid spending by $3.4 billion (roughly 6 percent) for the 2018 fiscal year. Similarly, U.S. Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley proclaimed on March 28 that the United States was “just getting started” after announcing that Washington will no longer shoulder more than 25 percent of the total UN peacekeeping budget.

美國最近削減了在財政和人員方面的貢獻,這與中國在聯合國維和行動中的優勢形成了鮮明的對比。3月21日,美國國會決定將2018財年的對外援助支出削減34億美元(大約6%)。此外,在華盛頓宣布不再承擔聯合國維和總預算的25%以上之后,美國駐聯合國大使妮基•黑利3月28日說:“這才剛剛開始”。

While Beijing’s presence and investment in UN peacekeeping has drastically increased, Chinese influence in the UNPKO hierarchy has not exhibited the same growth. Although Beijing has provided more peacekeeping troops than all of the other members of the P5 combined since 2012, a Chinese national has not held a senior post on any of the 16 current UNPKO missions. Beijing has in the past year expressed interest in having one of its own in a top UNPKO post, and given China’s continued successes the argument in its favor is getting stronger and stronger.

盡管中國在聯合國維和行動中的存在和投資大幅增加,但中國在聯合國維和行動領導層中的影響力卻沒有得到同樣的增長。盡管自2012年以來,中國提供的維和部隊數量超過了P5成員國的總和,但在目前的16項維和行動中,沒有一名中國人擔任高級職位。在過去的一年里,中國對讓自己的一名官員擔任維和行動的高層職位表示出了興趣。鑒于中國持續取得的成功,支持中國的理由越來越強。